For example, explore the nanostructures of various biological organisms:
1). Biopolymers such as collagen can be analysed using the nGauge AFM, providing additional information about their structure and arrangement.
2). Biological samples such as a butterfly wing are also amenable to analysis with the nGauge.
Especially for biological samples, the nGauge has the great advantage that it works in the so-called tapping mode, which means that the AFM tip is only intermittently in contact with the sample and sample preparation is minimal.
This is the difference to scanning electron microscopy (SEM), where the samples are completely dehydrated and coated with metal (typically sputtered gold or platinum). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) also usually requires the samples to be cut with a microtome and thus destroyed.